Pileated Woodpecker (male) - approx. 46 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Dryocopus
Species: Pileatus
Ontario's largest woodpecker - the male has a red
moustache and forehead - the female has a black
moustache and forehead
More Pileated Woodpeckers
Updated February 29 2016
Downy Woodpecker (male) - approx. 17 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Picoides
Species: Pubescens
Male adult has a red patch on the back of the head -
juvenile's red patch is further forward on the crown - body
size and bill are smaller than the Hairy Woodpecker,
otherwise they are similar in appearance - see the
comparison photos below
More Downy Woodpeckers
More Downy Woodpeckers
Updated May 12 2015
Downy Woodpecker (female) - approx. 17 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Picoides
Species: Pubescens
More Downy Woodpeckers
Updated May 12 2015
Hairy Woodpecker (male) - approx. 24 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Picoides
Species: Villosus
Male adult has a red patch on the back of the head -
juveniles's red patch is further forward on the crown - body
size and bill are larger than the Downy Woodpecker,
otherwise they are similar in appearance - see the
comparison photos below
More Hairy Woodpeckers
More Hairy Woodpeckers
Updated March 3 2016
Red-bellied Woodpecker (female) - approx. 23 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Melanerpes
Species: Carolinus
More Red-bellied Woodpeckers
More Red-bellied Woodpeckers
Updated April 19 2016
Woodpeckers
Page Last Updated: October 14 2016
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Female adult lacks red patch on the back of the head - body
size and bill are smaller than the Hairy Woodpecker,
otherwise they are similar in appearance - see the
comparison photos below
More Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (female) - approx. 20 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Sphyrapicus
Species: Varius
More Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers
Updated October 14 2016
Pileated Woodpecker (female) - approx. 46 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Dryocopus
Species: Pileatus
Ontario's largest woodpecker - the male has a red
moustache and forehead - the female has a black
moustache and forehead
More Pileated Woodpeckers
Updated February 29 2016
More Pileated Woodpeckers
More Pileated Woodpeckers
6 species
More Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (male) - approx. 20 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Sphyrapicus
Species: Varius
More Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers
Updated October 14 2016
Hairy Woodpecker (female) - approx. 24 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Picoides
Species: Villosus
Female adult lacks red patch on the back of the head - body
size and bill are larger than the Downy Woodpecker,
otherwise they are similar in appearance - see the
comparison photos below
More Hairy Woodpeckers
Updated March 3 2016
Downy (left) and Hairy Woodpecker, body and bill
comparison - although the Downy is a male and the
Hairy is a female, the sexes of both species are
approximately the same size (males however have
relatively longer bills and immatures have shorter bills)
Northern Flicker (male) - approx. 30 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Colaptes
Species: Auratus
The female lacks the black bar under the eye - unlike
other Woodpeckers, the Flicker mostly forages on the
ground (primarily for ants)
More Northern Flickers
More Northern Flickers
Updated February 19 2016
More Hairy Woodpeckers
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Northern Flicker (female) - approx. 30 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Colaptes
Species: Auratus
The male has a black bar under the eye - unlike other
Woodpeckers, the Flicker mostly forages on the
ground (primarily for ants)
More Northern Flickers
More Northern Flickers
Updated February 19 2016
More Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (juvenile) - approx. 20 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Sphyrapicus
Species: Varius
More Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers
Updated October 14 2016
Male has red throat
Female lacks red throat
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Both sexes have a red nape but only the male (see below)
has a red crown - not to be confused with Red-headed
Woodpecker
Audio - updated August 30 2012
Downy Woodpecker audio
Audio - updated June 13 2012
Hairy Woodpecker audio
Audio - updated September 23 2010
Northern Flicker audio
Audio - updated April 14 2013
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker audio
Pileated Woodpecker (male) - approx. 46 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - May 2009
Downy Woodpecker (female) - approx. 17 cm - Humber Valley (Lambton Woods) - November 2009
Hairy Woodpecker (male) - approx. 24 cm - Humber Valley (Lambton Woods) - March 2011
Red-bellied Woodpecker (female) - approx. 23 cm - Humber Valley (Lambton Woods) - May 2012
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (female) - approx. 20 cm - Leslie Spit - May 2013
Pileated Woodpecker (female) - approx. 46 cm - West Don Valley (E.T. Seton Park) - December 2008
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (male) - approx. 20 cm - Beaver Creek (Richmond Hill) - April 2009
Downy (left) and Hairy Woodpecker comparison - Humber Valley (Lambton Woods) - November 2009
Northern Flicker (male) - approx. 30 cm - West Don Valley (E.T. Seton Park) - July 2007
Northern Flicker (female) - approx. 30 cm - High Park - May 2012
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (juvenile) - approx. 20 cm - Beaver Creek (Richmond Hill) - October 2008
Downy Woodpecker (male) - approx. 17 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - January 2012
Hairy Woodpecker (female) - approx. 24 cm - West Don Valley (E.T. Seton Park) - August 2013
Red-bellied Woodpecker (male) - approx. 23 cm
Order: Piciformes (Woodpeckers & Relatives)
Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers)
Genus: Melanerpes
Species: Carolinus
More Red-bellied Woodpeckers
More Red-bellied Woodpeckers
Updated April 19 2016
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrates)
Class: Aves (Birds)
Both sexes have a red nape but the female (see above)
lacks a red crown - not to be confused with Red-headed
Woodpecker
Red-bellied Woodpecker (male) - approx. 23 cm - High Park - June 2015