Home
Page Last Updated: March 2 2016
Buttercup / Crowfoot Family
21 species
Marsh Marigold
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Caltha
Species: Palustris
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Cowslip - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Virgin's Bower
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Clematis
Species: Virginiana
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial vine - also known as Devil's Darning Needles -
native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated October 8 2010
More Virgin's Bower
More Virgin's Bower
Wood Anemone
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Anemone
Species: Quinquefolia
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - one of the earliest spring flowers - the petals
of most of the species in the Anemone genus are
actually
sepals (sometimes referred to as tepals) - native
to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Wild Columbine
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Aquilegia
Species: Canadensis
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Red Columbine - native to
eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated January 3 2010
More Wild Columbine
More Wild Columbine
Lesser Celandine
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Ficaria
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Pilewort, Fig Buttercup, Figwort,
Spring Messenger - not closely related to
Greater
Celandine (Poppy family) - one of the earliest flowering
plants - native to Europe
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated May 2 2012
More Lesser Celandine
More Lesser Celandine
Kidney-leaf Buttercup
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Abortivus
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Biennial - also known as Small-flowered or Littleleaf
Buttercup, Small-flowered Crowfoot - variable
appearance depending on growing conditions - native to
North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated May 2 2012
More Kidney-leaf Buttercup
More Kidney-leaf Buttercup
Early Meadow-rue (male)
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Thalictrum
Species: Dioicum
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - male and female flowers occur on separate
plants (
dioecious) - two doubly compound leaves - native
to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated March 8 2012
More Early Meadow-rue
More Early Meadow-rue
Updated August 29 2015
More Wood Anemone
More Wood Anemone
Updated May 2 2012
More Marsh Marigold
More Marsh Marigold
Tall Buttercup
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Acris
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Meadow Buttercup - fields and
meadows - native to Eurasia
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated October 12 2015
More Tall Buttercup
More Tall Buttercup
White Water-Crowfoot
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Longirostris
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Longbeak Buttercup - native to
North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated July 6 2010
More White Water-Crowfoot
More White Water-Crowfoot
Cursed Buttercup
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Sceleratus
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual / Perennial - also known as Cursed Crowfoot,
Celery-leaved Buttercup - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated October 12 2015
More Cursed Buttercup
More Cursed Buttercup
Red Baneberry
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Actaea
Species: Rubra
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - very similar to White Baneberry - berries  are
rarely white - the berry stalks of Red Baneberry are long
and thin while those of White Baneberry are shorter and
thicker - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated November 16 2013
More Red Baneberry
More Red Baneberry
White Baneberry
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Actaea
Species: Pachypoda
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated November 16 2013
More White Baneberry
More White Baneberry
Perennial - very similar to Red Baneberry - berries are
occasionally red - the berry stalks of Red Baneberry are
long and thin while those of White Baneberry are shorter
and thicker - also known as Doll's Eyes - native to eastern
North America
European Columbine
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Aquilegia
Species: Vulgaris
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - shorter, inward curving spurs compared to
Wild Columbine (see above) - many
cultivars - native to
Europe
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated December 27 2011
More European Columbine
More European Columbine
Canada Anemone
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Anemone
Species: Canadensis
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated January 21 2014
More Canada Anemone
More Canada Anemone
Thimbleweed
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Anemone
Species: Virginiana
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Tall Thimbleweed, Tall Anemone
- the similar Long-fruited Anemone (A. cylindrica), also
known as Thimbleweed, has a longer, thinner central head
- native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated March 2 2016
More Thimbleweed
More Thimbleweed
Sharp-lobed Hepatica
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Anemone (formerly Hepatica)
Species: Acutiloba
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial -  one of the first flowers to bloom in spring -
flower may be white, pink or blue - also known as
Sharp-lobed Liverleaf - native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated May 9 2011
More Sharp-lobed Hepatica
More Sharp-lobed Hepatica
Tall Meadow-rue
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Thalictrum
Species: Pubescens (formerly Polygamum)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Late Meadow-rue, King of the
Meadow - male and female flowers occur on separate
plants (
dioecious) - doubly compound leaves - native to
eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated October 16 2012
More Tall Meadow-rue
More Tall Meadow-rue
Red (left) and White Baneberry comparison
Swamp? Buttercup (same as above?)
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Septentrionalis? (now absorbed by Hispidus?)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - wet woods and meadows -  native to eastern
North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Swamp Buttercup
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Septentrionalis (now absorbed by Hispidus?)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - wet woods and meadows - native to eastern
North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated June 13 2013
More Swamp Buttercup
More Swamp Buttercup
Creeping Buttercup
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Ranunculus
Species: Repens
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Creeping Crowfoot - wet woods
and meadows - native to Eurasia and north Africa
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated June 21 2013
More Creeping Buttercup
More Creeping Buttercup
Updated June 13 2013
More Swamp Buttercup
More Swamp Buttercup
Winter Aconite
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Eranthis
Species: Hyemalis
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Winter Hellebore, Winter Wolf's
Bane - blooms in late winter and early spring - the basal
leaf emerges after the flower - the leaves of the "collar" are
actually
bracts - native to Europe
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated January 12 2015
More Winter Aconite
More Winter Aconite
Marsh Marigold - flower 2.5 to 4 cm - leaves 5 to 18 cm - height 30 to 60 cm - High Park - April 2012
Virgin's Bower - flower 2.5 cm - leaves 5 to 9 cm - height (vine) to > 3 m - Kortright Centre for Conservation - July 2010
Wood Anemone - flower approx. 2.5 cm - leaves 3 cm - height 10  to 20 cm - Marie Curtis Park - May 2010
Wild Columbine - flower 3 to 5 cm - leaves 10 to 15 cm - height to 1 m - High Park - May 2009
Lesser Celandine - flower to 4 cm - leaves to 5 cm - height to 25 cm - Humber Valley (Lambton Woods) - May 2009
Kidney-leaf Buttercup - flower to 1 cm - leaves (basal) to 4 cm - height to 80 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - April 2010
Early Meadow-rue (male) - flower approx. 6 mm - leaflet  to 3 cm - height to 70 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - April 2010
White Water-Crowfoot - flower approx. 1 cm - stalk to 6 cm - aquatic - Lower Don Valley (Brickworks) - June 2010
Cursed Buttercup - flower approx. 5 mm - leaves (basal) to 8 cm - height to 80 cm - Leslie Spit - October 2010
Red Baneberry - flower approx. 6 mm - fruit to 1 cm - leaflets to 6.5 cm - height to 80 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - July 2010
White Baneberry - flower approx. 6 mm - fruit to 1 cm - leaflets to 10 cm - height to 80 cm - Kortright Centre for Conservation - July 2010
European Columbine - flower 3 to 5 cm - leaves 10 to 15 cm - height to 75 cm - Samuel Smith Park - May 2010
Canada Anemone - flower to 4 cm - leaves to 15 cm - height to 80 cm - Leslie Spit - July 2011
Thimbleweed - flower approx. 2.5 cm - fruit to 2.5 cm - leaves to 15 cm - height to 80 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - June 2011
Tall Meadow-rue - flower approx. 1 cm - leaflet  to 2.5 cm - height to 3 m - East Don Parkland - June 2012
Red (left) and White Baneberry comparison - Morningside Park - September 2012
Sharp-lobed Hepatica - flower to 2.5 cm - leaves (basal) to 12 cm - height to 15 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - May 2011
Swamp? Buttercup - flower approx. 2.5 cm - leaflet to 10 cm - height to 1 m - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - June 2011
Creeping Buttercup - flower approx. 2.5 cm - leaf to 7 cm - height to 45 cm - Lower Don Valley (Todmorden Mills) - June 2011
Winter Aconite - flower approx. 2.5 cm - basal leaf approx. 2.5 cm - height to 15 cm - High Park - April 2011
Swamp Buttercup - flower approx. 2.5 cm - leaflet to 10 cm - height to 1 m - Rouge Park - June 2013
Tall Buttercup - flower approx. 2.5 cm - leaves to 10 cm - height to 1 m - East Don Valley (Milne Hollow) - June 2015
Threeleaf Goldthread
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup or Crowfoot Family)
Genus: Coptis
Species: Trifolia (also Groenlandica)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Three-leaved Goldthread,
Canker-root - rhizomes (underground stems) are bright
yellow - wetlands - native to northern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated November 15 2015
More Threeleaf Goldthread
More Threeleaf Goldthread
Threeleaf Goldthread - flower approx. 1 cm - leaf to 5 cm - height to 15 cm - Uxbridge - July 2015