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Page Last Updated: April 9 2017
Carrot / Parsley Family
16 species
Queen Anne's Lace
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Genus: Daucus
Species: Carota
Biennial - also known as Wild Carrot - ancestor to garden
carrot - native to Europe
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated January 1 2016
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Wild Parsnip
Order: Apiales
Genus: Pastinaca
Species: Sativa
Biennial - native to Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated November 6 2015
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Cow Parsnip
Order: Apiales
Genus: Heracleum
Species: Lanatum
Perennial - also known as Woolly Cow Parsnip - species
also known as "maximum" - native to North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated April 9 2017
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Purple-stemmed Angelica
Order: Apiales
Genus: Angelica
Species: Atropurpurea
Perennial - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated December 7 2014
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Poison Hemlock
Order: Apiales
Genus: Conium
Species: Maculatum (spotted)
Biennial - also known as Snakeweed - all parts of plant are
poisonous - not related to Hemlock trees - native to Europe
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated July 30 2010
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Spotted Water Hemlock
Order: Apiales
Genus: Cicuta
Species: Maculata (spotted)
Perrenial - also known as Spotted Cowbane - all parts of
plant are poisonous - native to North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated December 8 2014
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Japanese Hedge Parsley
Order: Apiales
Genus: Torilis
Species: Japonica
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated August 16 2013
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Rattlesnake Master
Order: Apiales
Genus: Eryngium
Species: Yuccifolium
Perrenial - also known as Button Eryngo - similar to Blue
Eryngo or Sea Holly (E. planum) - native to eastern North
America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated July 20 2010
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Honewort
Order: Apiales
Genus: Cryptotaenia
Species: Canadensis
Perennial - also known as Umbelweed, Wild Chervil - native
to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated January 21 2014
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Clustered Snakeroot
Order: Apiales
Genus: Sanicula
Species: Gregaria (also Odorata)
Perrenial - also known as Clustered Black Snakeroot,
Gregarious Snakeroot - similar to S. marilandica (see
below) - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated June 25 2011
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Goutweed
Order: Apiales
Genus: Aegopodium
Species: Podagraria
Perrenial - also known as Bishop's Weed, Ground Elder,
Snow-on-the-mountain - native to Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated February 6 2014
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Maryland Sanicle
Order: Apiales
Genus: Sanicula
Species: Marilandica
Perrenial - also known as Black Snakeroot - usually 5
leaflets, the outer two being deeply lobed - native to North
America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated June 8 2013
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Sweet Cicely
Order: Apiales
Genus: Osmorhiza
Species: Claytonii
Perrenial - also known as Clayton's Sweetroot - similar to
O. longistylis (Aniseroot or Liquorice Root) which has
longer
styles - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated June 8 2013
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Annual - also known as Erect Hedge Parsley - Spreading
(or Common) Hedge Parsley (T. arvenis) is very similar but
it has one or no
bracts at the base of each umbel while T.
japonicus has two or more - native to Eurasia and North
Africa
Yellow Pimpernel
Order: Apiales
Genus: Taenidia
Species: Integerrima
Perrenial - native to eastern North America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated September 29 2015
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Wild Parsnip with Cow Vetch - compound umbel 10 to 20 cm - leaflet 5 to 10 cm - height to 1.5 m - Claireville Conservation Area - July 2010
Poison Hemlock - compound umbel 10 to 15 cm - leaves to 50 cm - height to 2.5 m - Lower Don Valley (Leaside) - June 2010
Japanese Hedge Parsley - flower approx. 3 mm - compound umbel to 6 cm - leaves to 12 cm - height to 1.2 m - High Park - July 2011
Rattlesnake Master - flower head approx. 2 cm - leaves to 6 cm - height to 1.5 m - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - July 2010
Honewort - flower approx. 3 mm - compound umbel to 6 cm - leaflets 4 to 15 cm - height to 80 cm - West Don Valley (Sunnybrook Park) - May 2012
Clustered Snakeroot - umbelet approx. 1.5 cm - leaflets approx. 15 cm - height to 90 cm - West Don Valley (Wilket Creek Park) - June 2011
Goutweed - flower approx. 3 mm - compound umbel to 10 cm - leaflets to 8 cm - height to 1 m - Lower Don Valley (Leaside) - June 2010
Maryland Sanicle - flower approx. 3 mm - flower head to 2.5 cm - leaves to 12 cm - height to 1.2 m - Lower Don Valley (Todmorden Mills) - May 2013
Sweet Cicely - flower approx. 3 mm - leaves to 10 cm - height to 90 cm - Lower Don Valley (Todmorden Mills) - May 2013
Yellow Pimpernel - flower approx. 3 mm - compound umbel to 15 cm - leaflet approx. 2.5 cm - height to 90 cm - Humber Valley (King's Mill Park) - May 2013
Spotted Water Hemlock - flower approx. 3 mm - compound umbel 3 to 10 cm - leaflet to 20 cm - height to 2.2 m - West Don Valley (Sunnybrook Park) - July 2014
Purple-stemmed Angelica - compound umbel 10 to 20 cm - leaves 10 to 30 cm - height to 2 m - Rouge Park (Glenrouge Campground) - July 2014
Water Pennywort
Order: Apiales
Genus: Hydrocotyle
Species: Ranunculoides
Perrenial - also known as Floating Pennywort, Floating
Marsh Pennywort - similar to Manyflower Marsh Pennywort
(H. umbellata) - native to South America and southern North
America
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Water Pennywort - flower approx. 3 mm - umbel to 1.5 cm - leaf to 7.5 cm - height to 30 cm - Uxbridge - July 2015
Queen Anne's Lace - compound umbel 6 to 15 cm - leaves 5 to 40 cm - height to 1.6 m - Thorncliffe Park (Walmsley Brook) - August 2015
Giant Hogweed
Order: Apiales
Genus: Heracleum
Species: Mantegazzianum
Biennial / Perennial - similar to Cow Parsnip, Angelica and
others but is much larger - do not touch - toxic chemicals
cause sunburn like rash when skin is exposed to light -
plants are removed when found - native to Eurasia
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Updated March 17 2017
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Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (Carrot or Parsley family)
Giant Hogweed - flower 10 to 15 mm - compound umbel to 80 cm - leaves 1 to 1.5 m - height 2 to 5 m - West Oak Trails (Oakville) - June 2016
Cow Parsnip - flower 10 to 15 mm - compound umbel 10 to 30 cm - leaflet 10 to 40 cm - height to 2.5 m - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - June 2011