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Page Last Updated: November 24 2015
Madder Family
5 species
Bluntleaf? Bedstraw
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae (Madder  family)
Genus: Galium (Bedstraw)
Species: Obtusum?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Wild Madder - native to
Canada
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated July 3 2010
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Yellow Bedstraw
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae (Madder  family)
Genus: Galium (Bedstraw)
Species: Verum
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Lady's Bedstraw, Yellow
Spring Bedstraw - native to Eurasia
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated August 17 2011
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Smooth? Bedstraw
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae (Madder  family)
Genus: Galium (Bedstraw)
Species: Mollugo?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as White or Hedge Bedstraw,
False Baby's Breath, Wild Madder - native to Europe
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated July 3 2010
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Cleavers
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae (Madder  family)
Genus: Galium (Bedstraw)
Species: Aparine
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual - also known as Catchweed Bedstraw, Stickywilly,
Goosegrass - native to Europe, Asia and North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated September 17 2012
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Bluntleaf? Bedstraw
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae (Madder  family)
Genus: Galium (Bedstraw)
Species: Obtusum?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - same as above? - similar to G. labradoricum
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated May 6 2013
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Bluntleaf? Bedstraw - flower approx. 3 mm - leaves to 2.5 cm - height to 45 cm - Leslie Spit - July 2010
Yellow Bedstraw with Cow Vetch - flower approx. 3 mm - leaves to 3 cm - height to 1 m - Leslie Spit - July 2010
Smooth? Bedstraw - flower approx. 4 mm - leaves to 2.5 cm - height to 1 m - Lynde Shores Conservation Area (Whitby) - June 2010
Cleavers - flower approx. 3 mm - fruit approx. 3 mm - leaves to 8 cm - height to 1.2 m - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - September 2012
Bluntleaf? Bedstraw - flower ? - leaves to 2.5 cm - height approx. 30 cm - West Don Valley (Sunnybrook Park) - August 2012
Partridgeberry
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae (Madder  family)
Genus: Mitchella
Species: Repens
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - also known as Partridge Berry - native to
eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated November 24 2015
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Partridgeberry - flower approx. 1 cm - fruit approx. 8 mm - leaves 1 to 2 cm - height to 10 cm - Uxbridge - July 2015