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Page Last Updated: February 4 2016
Sedge Family
13 species
Bottlebrush? Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex
Species: Hystericina?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - also known as Porcupine Sedge - native to
North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Shallow? Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex
Species: Lurida?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - also known as Sallow Sedge, Lurid Sedge -
possibly C. lupulina (Hop Sedge)?
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Green? Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex
Species: Viridula?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Three-square Bulrush
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Schoenoplectus (also Scirpus)
Species: Americanus?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - also known as Olney's Bulrush, American
Bulrush, Chairmaker's Rush - similar to and possibly the
same species as S. pungens - triangular stem - native to
North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated February 7 2010
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Bur-reed? Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex
Species: Sparganioides?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated February 7 2010
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Northern Cluster? Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex
Species: Arcta?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - possibly C. sparganioides (Bur-reed
Sedge)?, C. gravida (Heavy Sedge)?
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
? Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex?
Species: ?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
? Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: ?
Species: ?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Possibly Carex arcta, C. sparganioides, C. gravida
Updated February 4 2016
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Plantainleaf Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex
Species: Plantaginea
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated May 4 2014
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Pennsylvania Sedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Carex
Species: Pensylvanica
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - native to eastern North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated December 27 2011
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Yellow Nutsedge
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Cyperus
Species: Esculentus
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - also known as Tigernut or Chufa Sedge, Nut
Grass - similar to Rusty Flat Sedge (C. odoratus),
Red-rooted Flat Sedge (C. erythrorhizos), Straw-coloured
Flat Sedge (C. strigosus) - native to northern hemisphere
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated December 3 2013
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Bottlebrush? Sedge - Lower Don Valley (Brickworks) - July 2009
Shallow? Sedge - Kortright Centre for Conservation - July 2009
Green? Sedge - height to 1 m - Lower Don Valley (Brickworks) - August 2009
Three-square Bulrush - height to 60 cm - Lower Don Valley (Brickworks) - August 2009
Bur-reed? Sedge - height to 1 m - Lower Don Valley (Brickworks) - July 2009
Northern Cluster? Sedge - height to 80 cm - Lower Don Valley (Brickworks) - July 2009
? Sedge - spike approx 3 cm - Beaver Creek (Richmond Hill) - July 2009
? Sedge - spike approx 2 cm - Leslie Spit - August 2009
Plantainleaf Sedge - spike approx. 2 cm - leaves to 30 cm - height to 30 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - May 2014
Pennsylvania Sedge - spike approx. 2 cm - leaves to 30 cm - height to 30 cm - Lower Don Valley (Crother's Woods) - May 2011
Yellow Nutsedge - spike to 7 cm - leaves to 45 cm - height to 60 cm - Leslie Spit - August 2008
Flatsedge (Cyperus)
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Cyperus (Flatsedge)
Species: Bipartitus?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Annual - C. bipartitus known as Slender or Shining
Flatsedge - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated September 20 2015
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Flatsedge (Cyperus) - spike to 2 cm - leaves to 10 cm - height to 25 cm (sprawling or erect) - Humber Bay Park - September 2015
Softstem Bulrush
Species: Validus (also Tabernaemontani, Lacustris)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - round stem - also known as Great Bulrush -
similar to Hardstem Bulrush (S. acutus) which has a stem
that is not as easily crushed - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated October 3 2015
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Softstem Bulrush - flower tiny - umbel to 15 cm - no leaves - height to 3 m - High Park - June 2010
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Schoenoplectus (also Scirpus)
Barberpole Bulrush
Species: Microcarpus (also Rubrotinctus)
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Perennial - also known as Panicled Bulrush, Small-fruited
Bulrush - bands of dark red on the leaf sheath - triangular
stem - native to North America
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated September 26 2015
More Barberpole Bulrush
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Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Scirpus
Barberpole Bulrush - flower approx. 2 mm - umbel to 20 cm - leaves to 1 m - height to 1 m - Rouge Park (Twyn Rivers) - June 2015
Sedge (Cyperus)
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Genus: Cyperus
Species: ?
Kingdom: Plantae
Class: Liliopsida
Same as above?
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Updated September 27 2015
More Cyperus Sedge
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Sedge (Cyperus) - spike to 7 cm - leaves to 45 cm - height to 60 cm - Rouge Park - September 2015