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Page Last Updated: November 1 2014
Spurge Family
4 species
Leafy Spurge
Order: Euphorbiales
Family:  Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: Esula
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - native to Eurasia
Updated February 9 2014
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Flowering Spurge
Order: Euphorbiales
Family:  Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: Corollata
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Perennial - white "petals" are bracts approximately 5 mm -
Poinsettia (E. pulcherrima) is in the same family - native to
eastern North America
Updated October 21 2011
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Milk Purslane
Order: Euphorbiales
Family:  Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
Genus: Chamaesyce (formerly Euphorbia)
Species: Maculata (formerly Supina)
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual - also known as Prostrate Purslane, Milk, Spotted or
Prostrate Spurge, Spotted Sandmat - leaves usually have a
central dark spot - stem exudes milky sap - similar to C.
prostrata - not closely related to
Purslane (Portulaca
Oleracea) - native to United States
Updated July 26 2012
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Toothed Spurge - flower tiny - fruit approx. 5 mm - leaves to 8 cm - height to 60 cm - High Park - September 2014
Toothed Spurge
Order: Euphorbiales
Family:  Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: Dentata
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida
Annual - also known as Green Poinsettia - native to eastern
North America
Updated November 1 2014
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Milk Purslane - flower approx. 2 mm - leaves approx. 1 cm - prostrate (sprawling to 45 cm) - Thorncliffe Park - July 2012
Flowering Spurge - flower approx. 5 mm - leaves to 7 cm - height to 1 m - High Park - August 2011
Leafy Spurge - flower approx. 5 mm - leaves 2 to 7 cm - height to 70 cm - Samuel Smith Park - May 2010